My all-time favourite scientist is the French physicist Jean Bernard Léon Foucault. Most famous for his pendulum experiment that demonstrated the effect of the Earth's rotation, he was a genius of empirical physics.
The definitive book on the man and his work is The Life and Science of Léon Foucault: The Man who Proved the Earth Rotates by William Tobin.
Foucault's Pendulum, The Experiment
Several examples of Foucault's famous pendulum can be found in Paris:
Foucault is commemorated at several locations around Paris: on the 🌐Hôtel de Ville; on 🌐La Tour Eiffel; and outside 🌐34 Rue d'Assas, where he lived for much of his adult life.
Cimetière de Montmartre
Foucault is buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre, in 🌐division #7, plot #2.
Foucault's Pendulum, The Book
Oddly, my favourite novel of all time is Foucault's Pendulum by Umberto Eco. I visited some of the more obscure locations (e.g. 🌐145 Rue la Fayette) mentioned in the book and took the following photos:
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